This week the course addresses two conceptual challenges: first, the shift in our understanding of content from documents to data; and second, the shift in our understanding of data from centralized to decentralized.


2018/10/24 12:00 Conversation with Shelly Blake-Plock


This week the course addresses two conceptual challenges: first, the shift in our understanding of content from documents to data; and second, the shift in our understanding of data from centralized to decentralized.

The first shift allows us to think of content - and hence, our knowledge - as dynamic, as being updated and adapted in the light of changes and events. The second allows us to think of data - and hence, of our record of that knowledge - as distributed, as being copied and shared and circulated as and when needed around the world.

There is a history of decentralized data applications on the web, from web servers to email to the peer2peer applications of the 1990s and 2000s such as Napster and Gnutella. Yet their primary application was limited to file sharing and broadcasting, and genuine peer-to-peer interaction online was limited to platforms such as social networks and learning management systems.

This week we look at new technologies enabling safe and secure interaction and data sharing based on authenticated personal content storage and linked data networks.

Linked data brings into play a wide range of content sources not previously considered, or available, for collecting and sharing. We are beginning to see how we generate geographic data as we travel, economic data as we shop, and political data as we browse videos on YouTube and Tumbler. A piece of media isn’t just a piece of media any more: it’s what we did with it, who we shared it with, and what we created by accessing it.

Learning in dynamic distributed data networks becomes a process of creating and curating our own data. We will think of our learning resources as something we create, own and share, and not just as rentals from the college textbook or online publishers. It also becomes a process of being able to comprehend data, to be able to look at representations of data though dashboards and visualizations, and to be able to recognize patterns and draw conclusions.

Learning with data isn’t the same as learning with books. It’s interactive, immersive and engaging, a process of learning how to perceive and comprehend rather than to decode and store. We need to think of knowledge as recognition rather than remembering and learning as a process of adjusting and adapting to changing circumstances as they present themselves anew each day.


Create a Blog and Add Its RSS Feed to the Course

There are three parts to this task:

  • create a blog of some sort (you can use Blogger, WordPress, Edublogs, or any other service you like, or if you are feeling adventurous, you can install your own version of gRSShopper on Reclaim - I'll be providing video instructions).
  • find the RSS feed for your blog - you can use the OERu Feed Finder to do this. Don't worry - you don't even need to log in.
  • Enter the RSS Feed URL into the form I will be providing in a day or two (it exists, but it hasn't finished testing yet).
Due: Oct 26, 2018


AI in Education Symposium - Introduction Oct 22, 2018 video Artificial Intelligence and 21st Century Education in Ottawa, my brief introduction and posing of a problem.

Conversation with Shelly Blake-Plock Oct 24, 2018 video Week 1 of E-Learning 3.0 with Shelly Blake-Plock, Co-Founder, President and CEO - Yet Analytics.

Installing gRSShopper on Reclaim Oct 24, 2018 video Demonstration in real time showing how to install gRSShopper on Reclaim Hosting


Feature Article E-Learning 3.0, Part 1: Data, Oct 26, 2018.

When we create and share our own data, we are look at and learning about these associations from the other side. By linking our own data and creating our own patterns, we can become more sensitive to them in the world. We see and manage our connections with each other, with the world of things, and with our own learning records and accomplishments

Why Data Culture Matters
Alejandro Díaz, Kayvaun Rowshankish, Tamim Saleh, McKinsey Quarterly,

This article explores the transition from document-based culture to data-based culture. It identifies "seven of the most prominent takeaways from conversations we’ve had with these and other executives who are at the data-culture fore." It presents data as a trool for making decisions, the democratizing effect of data, data as an element in risk management, data as an enterprise's "crown jewel" asset, and the link between data and management and talent.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

How Companies Turn Your Data Into Money
Max Eddy, PC Magazine, 2018/10/11

This is a long and detailed article about the process of collecting your data and turning it into money. Most of the data collection involves tracking what you do online, though there is a lottle spying involved as well. The money is made from content. "A publisher's audience is their currency," the site says. "No matter how they make money from content—be it through advertising, paid subscription or syndication, a publisher's core asset is audience and audience data." Give yourself some time to read this one, and take your time - there's a good section on ways to avoid being tracked, and quite a few references to companies and services you may not have seen before - like the Abine Blur service and the Whitepages and Spokeo data broker services. See also: Online data protection 101.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]


The IndieWeb is a people-focused alternative to the "corporate web". When you post something on the web, it should belong to you, not a corporation. Too many companies have gone out of business and lost all of their users’ data. By joining the IndieWeb, your content stays yours and in your control.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Tim Berners-Lee, 2018/10/26

Solid (derived from "social linked data") is a proposed set of conventions and tools for building decentralized social applications based on Linked Data principles. Solid is modular and extensible and it relies as much as possible on existing W3C standards and protocols.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Introduction to Linked Data
European Commission, 2018/10/26

This slide show contains an introduction to the linked data principles, an introduction to linked data technologies, and an example of how tabular data can be published as linked data.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

The Linked Open Data Cloud
John P. McCrae, Insight Centre for Data Analytics, 2018/10/26

This web page is the home of the LOD cloud diagram. This image shows datasets that have been published in the Linked Data format. The dataset currently contains 1,224 datasets with 16,113 links (as of June 2018)

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Open Government Portal: Search Records

This website enables access to open data on the government of Canada website. This data can be downloaded by users as raw data, or imported into applications that can process and display the data.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Defining the Data Stack
Joe Pilla, IAB Data Center of Excellence, 2018/10/22

This report (18 page PDF) looks at data from a marketing and brand perspective, but offers a useful perspective for any digital enterprise, including education. It is based on "the need for a baseline understanding of how different types of data can enhance business performance for brands when used properly." It surveys four levels of data needs (and uses), a number of dataset types, and a typology based on data ownership. It's terse, but it draws out and makes clear some key aspects of data.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]


#el30 Notes Week 1
Laura Ritchie,, 2018/10/25

This week in the connectivist course #el30 Stephen Downes spoke to Shelly Blake-Plock, Co-Founder, President and CEO – Yet Analytics. They talked about learning, LMS, experience, users, and data and provided plenty to think about- My blogpost contains 1. My #el30 notes form the hangout, and 2. My thoughts about application and implications as an educator (and I kept them brief!)

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Federated social networks (2)
Roland Legrand, MixedRealities, 2018/10/25

I’ve been exploring Mastodon which is like a community-owned and ad-free Twitter. It’s an open source social network. There is no one person, company or server running it. People can create their own version of Mastodon, which is called an instance. The person, group or community doing so can determine which are the rules to be followed on that particular instance.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

An Experience API for learning everywhere (also in virtual worlds)
Roland Legrand, MixedRealities, 2018/10/25

I never heard about Experience API (xAPI) but now I did thanks to a video conversation between education expert Stephen Downes and Shelly Blake-Plock, Co-Founder, President and CEO of Yet Analytics in the course #el30. xAPI is a new specification for learning technology that makes it possible to collect data about the wide range of experiences a person has, online and offline.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Week 0.5 – Elearning 3.0
Brainstorm in Progress, 2018/10/31

I just finished watching Stephen Downes’ talk on Web3 technologies and their implications for learning. I am very interested in what Stephen had to say about technologies being used to build consensus and decision making. I think a shared, distributed … Continue reading → Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

E-Learning 3.0 – Conversation With Shelly Blake-Plock
Frank, Doin’ Stuff,

“Technology is easy, Culture is a bitch” Col. Bob Reddy DARPA Program Manager. From my distant past efforts in implementing new technologies into training, education products, Bob’s words echoed into the present as I reflected on Stephen’s and Shelly’s conversation. In the year plus that I have interacted with Shelly with his IEEE LTSC xAPI … Continue reading "E-Learning 3.0 – Conversation with Shelly Blake-Plock" Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Installing gRSShopper for #el30

Today I took advantage of that extra hour when the clocks went back and everyone else was asleep and got stuck into some more of the #el30 materials. I started by reading this article/page on Linked Open Data and thought maybe I could contribute.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

#El30 Week 1 From Documents To Data
x28, EL30 – x28's new Blog,

Documents to data -- for me, this is not an easy farewell. The addressability, manageability, and transparency of the document files and webpages is lost -- and with it a certain level of autonomy/ majority. So, yes, decentralization becomes more important.
Continue reading → Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Data, personal learning and learning analytics
Jenny Mackness, Jenny Connected, 2018/10/26

This week’s topic for Stephen Downes’ E-Learning 3.0 MOOC is Data.   From the synopsis that Stephen provides for the week we read that… there are two conceptual challenges associated with this topic: first, the shift in our understanding of content from documents to data; and second, the shift in our understanding of data from centralized to decentralized.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

2018 Technical Report on xAPI
IEEE LTSC TAGxAPI, 2018/10/25

Posted and tagged #el30 on Twitter by Geoff Cain. "This document is a guide to the technical implementation of the Experience API, commonly abbreviated as xAPI. xAPI is an application programming interface which allows software applications to exchange data regarding human activity. Designed for the domain of learning, xAPI enables the capture of data about human performance and its context."

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

What is the difference between decentralized and distributed systems?
MaRi Eagar, EcoNova - Medium, 2018/10/23

"Decentralized means that there is no single point where the decision is made. Every node makes a decision for it’s own behaviour and the resulting system behaviour is the aggregate response." Tagged #el30 on Twitter by @qienmei.

Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

#El30 Week 1 – Data
daveymoloney, Davey Moloney, 2018/11/06

Backdrop Week 1 of #EL30 addressed the topic of Data. Within that, two core conceptual challenges relating to eLearning were explored, “first, the shift in our understanding of content from documents to data; and second, the shift in our understanding of data from centralized to decentralized.” All of this exists within the backdrop of “what … Continue reading "#EL30 Week 1 – Data" Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

Connected Learning By Playing With Rss, Blog Feeds, Aggregators And Harvesters
Learning with Moocs, 2018/10/31

I created this site on Reclaim Hosting, the hosting service for ‘educators and institutions’ (and, I guess, for learners in general) co-founded by Jim Groom. Jim previously gave the world the word Edupunk and he facilitated the digital storytelling course ds106. Learning with Moocs is all about connected learning and more specifically about a number […] Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

#El30 Introductory Post
daveymoloney, Davey Moloney, 2018/11/01

I'm probably a little late to the eLearning 3.0 MOOC (#EL30) party, nonetheless, I'm hoping to try to avail of this opportunity to learn from Stephen Downes' MOOC and from the network of experienced people created from the Connectivist learning approach that he employs (more info. here and here). It's already clear to see a diverse, energetic, knowledgeable network emerging in the course feeds area and I hope to contribute to this community where I can. At least this blog post should allow me to submit my feed for RSS syndication! Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]

A Comic Reaction To The Data Visualization
dogtrax, EL30 – Kevin's Meandering Mind, 2018/11/10

Greg kindly shared out a data visualization of some #DS106 connections. Graph of ds106 interlinked blog posts, 9/20/2012 1:15:18 PM, 1220: — Greg McVerry (@jgmac1106) November 1, 2018 Although I didn’t quite know what it all meant — even though the focus of the E-Lit 3.0 course that I am watching from afar is […] Web: [Direct Link] [This Post]